Have you decided to teach your dog to sit or paw? Do you want to correct a behavior that you don’t like anything like pulling on the leash or regarding food? Perfect! The dogs are very capable of learning new things and correcting unwanted behaviors. Of course, you will have to arm yourself with patience, be methodical, not abandon, and not fall into the typical mistakes that often people do while training a dog.
The training is positive, and we are strong supporters of positive education. All this should be done, including the prizes (snacks, caresses, and loving words) as reinforcement of good behavior and not physical abuse, punishment, or shouting.
A good idea to get results is to put, for a while, in the hands of a dog trainer, someone who can give you some guidelines to then work on your own with the pet. Only a positive training expert or an ethologist can give you the best advice.
The most common failures
Among the failures that are most committed when training a dog are repeating the order three hundred times until it is fulfilled, trying to teach several orders at once, using different words for a specific order, not devoting too much time to teaching or going overweight, and even sending contradictory orders to the animal.
We will talk about all this in this article. Do not miss it and give your dog the best training possible. It can!
Punishing the dog to stop doing something inappropriate is the traditional way of training, and some still defend it today. This way of “training” does not always end unwanted behavior, and those dogs that have serious behavior problems can respond unpredictably to punishments.
To train a dog, you have to arm yourself with patience. Each dog is different and will learn at its own pace, and you cannot set a deadline. Be clear that the results are not overnight.
Give a very little reward
When the dog does what we want, we must reward him with a snack he likes, loving words and caresses. This is what is known as positive training. Well, in the learning period, the positive reinforcement must be high so that the animal is motivated. Otherwise, it will be frustrated or even obsessed with the prizes.
Trainers use the word “timing” to refer to the time between the animal’s action and the reinforcement. Bad timing will occur if you give him the prize before or much later than he does what you want. The ideal time is to reward the dog during or just after the desired action so that the dog understands what you want.
Shout at him
The consequences are always bad: you can convey fear, the dog can get used to your screams and will become immune; he may only obey you when you yell at him. Be patient all the time, and never shout at the dog.
Go against its nature
By this, we mean that not all dogs possess the same instinctive behaviors, personality, or the same abilities, but they can be taught to behave well. A dog that hunts mice will not be able to change it because it is in its nature to be a hunter, for example.
For each action, there must be a specific order. If you say “sitting,” then it is not worth telling him, “sit down.” Choose only one word for a particular action and always use it.
Teach two orders at once
The dog must be taught each order separately. Otherwise, it will take longer to learn them.
Repeat the order without stopping
Do not repeat the order to the dog until it is fulfilled because what the dog will be perceiving is that it can pay attention whenever it wants. If you order something and he doesn’t, help him do it.
Not be consistent
If you do not want your dog to get on the couch, it always has to be that way. If today you do not allow it, but tomorrow you allow it to be on the couch, the dog will not understand what you want. It is also essential that the rest of the family agree on what is allowed and what is not, so everyone will treat the dog is the same way.
Give prizes all the time
Some give their dog prizes for no reason, just because they like it. The consequence of this is that they lose their value. You only have to give prizes to the dog when he deserves it, when he acts correctly, to associate the reward with good behavior.